A 6-foot 3-inch male patient was involved in a MVC (motor vehicle crash) arrives in the ED with chest and facial injuries. Because of the nature of the facial injuries, he is intubated with a size 8.0 mm endotracheal tube. Following resuscitative measures, he is transferred to the ICU.
1. What type of ventilator support would this patient require initially?
2. What ventilator mode would you use when this patient wakes, has the desire to breathe spontaneously, and has a PaO2 of 58 mm Hg with the FIO2set at 0.50?