A person with cystic fibrosis has an exocrine pancreatic insufficiency because the pancreas has a volvulus at the ampulla of Vater.

Question 21

2 / 2 pts

After a partial gastrectomy or pyloroplasty, clinical manifestations that include increased pulse, hypotension, weakness, pallor, sweating, and dizziness are a result of

a rapid gastric emptying and creation of a high osmotic gradient in the small intestine that causes a sudden shift of fluid from the blood vessels to the intestinal lumen.

hemorrhage postoperatively in which a large volume of blood is lost, causing hypotension with compensatory tachycardia.

an anaphylactic reaction in which chemical mediators, such as histamine, prostaglandins, and leukotrienes, relax vascular smooth muscles causing shock.

a concentrated bolus that moves from the stomach into the small intestine, which causes hyperglycemia, resulting in polyuria and eventually hypovolemic shock.

Question 22

0 / 2 pts

Hepatitis _ in children is primarily associated with blood transfusions.

D

B

A

C

Question 23

2 / 2 pts

_ diarrhea results from lactose intolerance.

Motility

Secretory

Small volume

Osmotic

Question 24

0 / 2 pts

A person with cystic fibrosis has an exocrine pancreatic insufficiency because

the pancreas has a volvulus at the ampulla of Vater.

of the impaired blood supply to the pancreas causing ischemia.

genetically the pancreas is unable to produce digestive enzymes.

the pancreatic ducts are obstructed with mucus.

Question 25

2 / 2 pts

Prolonged diarrhea is more severe in children than in adults because

children have diarrhea more often than do adults.

children have a higher fluid volume intake.

less water is absorbed from the colon in children.

fluid reserves are smaller in children.

c

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