Forensic psychology draws on the ethical codes and standards of the American Psychological Association to guide its professionals in ethical behaviour in forensic settings. Due to the nature of forensic psychology and its intersection with the law, specialty guidelines for forensic psychology also are necessary.
American Psychology-Law Society’s (AP-LS) “Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists’” often are described as an extension of the American Psychological Association’s (APA) “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct” also known as the “Ethics Code.” Many of the AP-LS Specialty Guidelines have their basis in specific items from APA’s “Ethics Code.” As you review each set of codes and guidelines take note of the connections between the APA’s “Ethics Code” and their counterparts in AP-LS “Specialty Guidelines…” Ethical codes and guidelines are an important part of helping professions, such as forensic psychology.
Explain the relationship between the APA’s “Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct” and the AP-LS “Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists’”. Describe three specialty guidelines and provide concrete examples of where the guidelines might apply. Share an insight or draw a conclusion based on your exploration of APA and AP-LS codes and specialty guidelines ethical codes.
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Hi and thank you for your patience. In this particular task, you are asking for help in putting together a discussion on the code of ethics utilized in the field. I suggest using this simple outline:
- About the APA code and the Guidelines – 200 words
- 3 Specialty Guidelines – 300 words
- Insight – 100 words
APA Code of Ethics & the Forensic Psychology Practice Guidelines
The American Psychological Association, or APA (2014), “is the largest scientific and professional organization representing psychology in the United States. APA is the world’s largest association of psychologists, with nearly 130,000 researchers, educators, clinicians, consultants and students as its members.” With that in mind, it is the purpose of the organization to ensure ethical and critical practice by making a code of ethics for its members a mandatory element of the practice. Doing so, according to the APA (2014) means, “improving the qualifications and usefulness of psychologists by establishing high standards of ethics, conduct, education and achievement.” Now there is one mandatory element to the ethical practice of APA psychologists – this is the APA code of Ethics, with the latest revised version published in 2011. The organization explains – “This Ethics Code applies only to psychologists’ activities that are part of their scientific, educational or professional roles as psychologists. Areas covered include but are not limited to the clinical, counseling and school practice of psychology; research; teaching; supervision of trainees; public service; policy development; social intervention; development of assessment instruments; conducting assessments; educational counseling; organizational consulting; forensic activities; program design and evaluation; and administration…Membership in the APA commits members and student affiliates to comply with the standards of the APA Ethics Code and to the rules and procedures used to enforce them. Lack of awareness or misunderstanding of an Ethical Standard is not itself a defense to a charge of unethical conduct.”
For the full Code, see link – http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx
The APA (2014) explains …