When it comes to treating drug offenders, forensic psychology professionals must have a solid understanding of desired outcomes in order to select a suitable treatment approach. Drug abuse often results in uncharacteristic behavior and may actually generate complications related to the mental health treatment and physical well-being of the offender. Treatment outcomes are not “one size fits all,” and desirable outcomes differ for each offender. For some offenders, a successful outcome is never to use substances again, and the relapse treatment outcome model would best describe the desired outcome, lifelong abstinence. For other offenders, success is defined as the offender doing less damage to relationships and to society through controlled use of substances, and therefore the harm-reduction model fits best. Finally, success with the recidivism model simply means that the drug offender does not return to the criminal justice system. Each desired treatment outcome is specific to the individual offender in terms of how success is defined. This definition impacts the choice of treatment approach and guides aftercare planning as well.
“Treatment Outcome Models,”
a synopsis of the research article you selected. Include the type of drug abused and the treatment approach used. Then explain which treatment outcome model you would use to measure the success of the treatment approach and why. Be specific.
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Article Review: Outcome/Treatment
• Authors: Uggen C. & Shannon, S.
• Title: “Productive Addicts and Harm Reduction: How Work Reduces Crime – But not Drug Use”
• Publication Details: from Social Problems, Vol. 61, Issue 1, pp. 105-130, by the Society for the Study of Social Problems, Inc. and the University of California Press
• Year: 2014
• URL: http://www.soc.umn.edu/~uggen/Uggen_Shannon_SP_14.pdf
In this particular article, Uggen and Shannon (2014) review the impact of employment programs in dealing with recidivism and the reduction of harm in relation to addicts, especially recently released offenders who has drug-addiction as a co-morbid issue in their criminal behavior profiles. Essentially, they want to explore why, inspite of the supported programs that aim to get addicts and ex-convicts back to work as productive members of society, reoffending, especially falling back to addiction and the behaviors that come with it still happen. Essentially, they ask if (Uggen and Shannon, 2014), “work reduces crime and drug use among heavy substance users… if so, whether it is the income from the job that makes a difference, or something else.” To do so, they utilize they undertake a massive randomized job experiment wherein after analyzing impact of a work program as a form of intervention, they further divide to economic and non-economic impact or components. They also illuminated their results with interviews with young adults leaving drug treatment but are also in the work support program so as to find if …