Expository Writing

Expository writing is defined as writing that aims to explain, enlighten, or expose something. The expository essay is a type of essay that demands a student or writer to research a topic, analyze evidence, elaborate on the topic, and present a clear and coherent argument about it. Here’s an extensive guide to Expository Writing

Expository Writing

Topics for Expository Writing

Writing an Expository Writing Thesis

Expository Writing Transition Words

Expository Writing Outline

Revision and Proofreading

Who Uses Expository Writing

Expository Writing Example – The Downside of Taking a Professional Camera during Travelling

Expository Writing

Expository writing is defined as writing that aims to explain, enlighten, or expose something. The expository essay is a type of essay that demands a student or writer to research a topic, analyze evidence, elaborate on the topic, and present a clear and coherent argument about it. The phrase expository comes from the word ‘expose.’ Essays, magazine articles pieces, instruction booklets, books, journal entries, and other forms of writing that strive to explain are examples of this type of writing. Expository writing is distinct from different types of writing like fiction and poetry. In the academic environment, the expository essay is a widespread technique.

Most expository essays comprise an introduction that states a thesis or goal, numerous main body paragraphs that demonstrate or discuss the thesis, and a conclusion paragraph that summarizes everything. When writing an expository essay, it’s critical to assume that the audience has little to no prior knowledge of the subject (Greetham, 2013). The goal of an expository essay is to give readers as much information as possible. After reading the paper, a reader should feel as if they have gained knowledge.

The opening paragraph of the expository essay contains a coherent, clear, and stated thesis statement that holds the framework of the essay together. This thesis statement must be adequately limited to adhere to the assignment’s standards (Greetham, 2013). Transitions are the cement that keeps the essay’s structure connected. The reader may not comprehend the essay’s thesis if there is no logical sequence of thinking, and the framework might disintegrate (Greetham, 2013). Each paragraph should be confined to presenting a single central point, ensuring that the essay is clear and focused throughout; the ease with which one’s audience can read one’s work results from such simplicity.

It’s worth noting that each paragraph in the essay’s body must have a clear link to the thesis statement in the first paragraph. Expository essays are frequently assigned to students with hardly any preparation; as a result, such writings rarely allow for a lot of statistical or factual information (Greetham, 2013). It is vital to have a conclusion that does not reiterate the thesis but references it in light of the data presented. A conclusion is the essay section that will have the most significant immediate impact on readers’ thoughts.

Expository Writing
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Topics for Expository Writing

An expository topic depends on the type of expository writer chooses. A cause and effect necessitate the writer’s explanation of why something happened and what transpired as a result (Umamah & Cahyono, 2020). In a comparison essay, the writer examines the similarities and differences between two subjects or concepts (Oppenheimer et al., 2017). A descriptive essay is a detailed outline or explanation of a subject. A topic could be an occurrence, a location, an individual, an item, or an experience. A writer must illuminate a specific issue and comprehensively discuss viable potential remedies in a problem or solution essay (Oppenheimer et al., 2017). In a process essay, a writer breaks down a technique step by step to show the reader how to perform something.

Writing an Expository Writing Thesis

The thesis statement in an expository essay should convey to the reader what they will learn in the article. Thesis statements provide factual information about the topic rather than an opinion, and they leave room for a writer to expound with numerous specifics (Oppenheimer et al., 2017). A writer does not need to develop an argument or prove anything in an expository essay; all they need is to grasp the topic and deliver it logically (Oppenheimer et al., 2017). In an expository essay, a strong thesis statement often leaves readers wanting more information.

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Expository Writing Transition Words

Students are frequently chastised for their lack of good transition words in their essays. To ensure that the readers grasp the aim of a paper, it must effectively communicate the central concept (Setyowati & El-Sulukiyyah, 2017). To accomplish this, one must use transition words in their writing and create a logical relationship within the content (Umamah & Cahyono, 2020). Some transition words for expository essays include: to begin, firstly, likewise, afterward, and equally important.

Expository Writing Outline

Preview and Outline

Writing relevant notes and researching the expository essay topic is necessary to compose a well-structured five-paragraph essay (Umamah & Cahyono, 2020). After brainstorming, a writer must establish a basic expository essay outline to detail the content they intend to present in each paragraph (Setyowati & El-Sulukiyyah, 2017). An expository essay is majorly written in the third person.

Introductory Paragraph

A topic sentence in the opening paragraph should convey the thesis or significant argument of the essay. A solid thesis should be basic enough that three body paragraphs can adequately support it.

Body Paragraphs

Each paragraph in the body of the paper should address a unique subject that contributes to the development and reinforcement of the thesis statement in the topic sentence (Setyowati & El-Sulukiyyah, 2017). A writer should provide factual evidence to back up the claim and retain an objective viewpoint.

Concluding Paragraph

Only information that has already been provided in the essay is included in the final paragraph. This section restates the thesis, synthesizes the supporting points from each body paragraph, and concludes the essay.

Revision and Proofreading

An entire essay must be reviewed and double-checked to verify that the thesis is clear and backed up by facts from reliable sources. All data should be presented in a completely objective manner (Setyowati & El-Sulukiyyah, 2017). The transitions between paragraphs should be smooth and reasonable.

Who Uses Expository Writing

An expository essay clarifies a writer’s views by defining, explaining, enlightening, or elaborating on crucial elements so that the reader understands the notion entirely (Umamah & Cahyono, 2020). Expository may be used by any reader looking to learn something new, curious about a topic, or researching a specific topic or concept.

Expository Writing Example – The Downside of Taking a Professional Camera during Travelling

People travel every day for various reasons such as work, leisure, family visits, and vacations. Memories are valuable, and many people value them, which explains why most individuals carry cameras when traveling. There is an option of taking pocket cameras, phone cameras, and professional cameras during travel periods. Professional cameras take good quality photos, have numerous settings that can get altered depending on the photographer’s preference, and the zooming capability is far better than other cameras. Despite the significant advantages of professional cameras, people should not carry professional cameras during travels because of the disadvantages and risks involved.

Professional cameras are expensive; carrying them during travels is a risk altogether. There is the risk of losing the camera during the constant movement that happens during the journey. There is also the risk of breaking the camera when moving, exploring, or going on adventures (Garner, 2020). Lastly, there is the risk of having it stolen when traveling to unfamiliar areas with high theft rates.

Professional cameras are usually huge, which means they attract attention each time an individual wants to use the camera. Huge cameras may attract the wrong attention, leading to the camera breaking or getting stolen (Garner, 2020). Some specific professional cameras take up huge packing spaces because of their sizes. The difference between professional cameras and pocket cameras is notable. Part of the difference is the additional lenses, filters, and cleaning supplies needed for the professional cameras (Garner, 2020). All this equipment requires ample packing space; space could otherwise store other things when traveling.

A professional camera weighs an individual down during travel because of the size and the additional equipment needed for the camera. An ideal travel experience needs to be free from extra weight and luggage, which may not be the case with a professional camera (Garner, 2020). A comfortable journey requires being at ease and not constantly looking for a camera or other related equipment.

Professional cameras take up an individual’s opportunity to interact with the world because one has to put so much attention into it to capture good pictures. The time and attention needed take up an individual’s time interacting with nature and people (Garner, 2020). An individual also gets the opportunity to focus more on the destination and attractions without any destructions. Professional cameras attract fees in most areas (Garner, 2020). The cost is usually referred to as a camera feed, which shows that carrying a professional camera is costly considering the number of places one may have to pay for the camera fee.

In conclusion, professional cameras are way better than all the other camera alternatives but the disadvantages and risks involved. There are three risks involved; the camera may get stolen, it could get lost, or it may break along the way because of traveling activities. The disadvantages include their vast size that may take up a lot of packing space; they have too much weight that may be exhausting during travels. Also, it may hinder an individual from appreciating and interacting with the environment. It may be advisable to carry any other camera apart from professional cameras during travels.

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Sources

Garner, A. O. (2020). I came, I saw, I selfied. The Routledge Companion to Media and Tourism, 316-325. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429430398-37

Greetham, B. (2013). Why write essaysHow to Write Better Essays, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-29336-7_1

Oppenheimer, D., Zaromb, F., Pomerantz, J. R., Williams, J. C., & Park, Y. S. (2017). Improvement of writing skills during college: A multi-year cross-sectional and longitudinal study of undergraduate writing performance. Assessing Writing32, 12-27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asw.2016.11.001

Setyowati, L., & El-Sulukiyyah, A. A. (2017). Explicit planning for paragraph writing class. Jurnal Bahasa Lingua Scientia9(2). https://doi.org/10.21274/ls.2017.9.2.81-100

Umamah, A., & Cahyono, B. Y. (2020). Indonesian university students’ self-regulated writing (SRW) strategies in writing expository essays. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics10(1), 25-35. https://doi.org/10.17509/ijal.v10i1.24958