Provide a comparison (similarities and differences) of at least two counseling techniques and/or methods. Then, explain how each might be applied to the case study of substance abuse.

List of techniques /Methods:

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Motivational enhancement therapy
  • Residential treatment
  • Community reinforcement
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Dear Student,

On Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is one of the primary techniques in psychotherapy. The aim of CBT is to address problematic thought processes, maladaptive behavior and dysfunctional emotions via systematic methods and processes that are anchored in achieving goals. The name itself – behavior + cognitive means that the target is to treat problematic behavior and problematic thinking. In the case of addiction, CBT treats addiction and substance abuse as having resulted from dysfunctional development in behavior, management of behavior and thinking and this manifests in an addictive and dependent personality. The theory proposes that doing away with addiction and controlling addiction impulses and problematic behavior can be learned. Those that go through CBT identify their problematic behavior, the causes of their addiction and abuse and having clarified and zeroed in on them learn to correct them to ‘normalize’ their behavior and to make their problematic behavior extinct. Essentially, CBT is a collection of strategies learned step by step which allows the individual self-control, mastery over impulses and desires. Patients using CBT learn coping mechanisms, come to understand the positives and negatives of …

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