Prior to adolescence, children at the end of their middle childhood usually feel confident about their abilities to control their bodies. They have mastered walking, running, skipping, and toilet training. As this confidence grows, pre-adolescents prior to experiencing growth spurts report feeling satisfied with their body images. Once puberty begins, many adolescents report feeling awkward and even betrayed by their bodies. Suddenly, new sensations and physical challenges are present as their bodies act and grow without warning.

Using your understanding of developmental theories, respond to the following questions.

During puberty, biological changes transform the adolescent body and mind. Using your understanding of Erikson’s psychosocial development theory, predict some of the identity problems that adolescents might have as a result of these changes.

Using Piaget’s cognitive development theory, explain the changes in adolescent thinking from middle childhood. How would this affect their problem solving strategies and predictions of consequences?

Invent some ways to use imaginary audience and personal fable as clinical or educational interventions. How can these two types of irrational beliefs be used to help change the adolescent’s world perspective?
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Remember – here at Brain Mass we cannot answer the question directly for you. We can, however, lay out notes and ideas so that you can craft a solid and rational answer.

Let’s start with Erikson:

We’re really dealing here with stages 4 and 5, since stage 4 ends at age 12 (generally speaking).
Peer groups become more important – they may challenge identities that have been fostered at home.
This is also the stage where confidence becomes an issue. Without proper support, feelings of inferiority might set in.

Another identity issue is the demands of society. At this stage, adolescents feel that they must measure up to specific roles. If they do not, they will develop feelings of inferiority and a lack of self-esteem.

But between 13-18 are the real ages of identity conflict. The child must consider the role that he or she must fill as they reach adulthood. This role has a great impact on one’s identity.

As the body changes, Erikson holds that the adolescent will feel unconformable with his body. Roles continue to be important, and whether or not the social or personal roles adopted work out can destroy the self image of …

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