In this week’s readings and lecture, there is mention of certain ‘behaviors’ that are only morally acceptable if justified by adequate reasons. Discuss what is meant by this. As in previous Discussion Board topics, you are asked to incorporate an ‘Ethics of the Good’ when responding to this topic. Provide an example of a behavior that is only morally acceptable if justified by adequate reasons. Describe in detail what those adequate reasons might be.
Although there are a number of techniques and technologies supporting medical nutrition and hydration, the ultimate goal is to sustain life for those patients who are unable to take in sustenance. The point is not just which technology is most appropriate/effective, but rather the decision to begin â€˜extraordinary means of treatmentâ€™ for patients who are terminally, fatally, hopelessly ill with no chance of recovery. Describe a brief scenario that details the primary issues that should be considered when patient, provider, and possibly the patient’s family members are deliberating the use of medical nutrition and hydration.
According to Devettere, when proxies make health care decisions for other people, they need to rely on some kind of standards to guide their judgment. During Session 5, we described three standards for decisions by medical proxies: Substituted Judgment, Best Interest, and Reasonable Treatment.
Create a scenario where a proxy must make a decision for an incapacitated patient (ex. young/older child, senior citizen, mentally ill person), apply one of the standards and explain how its use supports an â€˜Ethics of the Goodâ€™. Include a discussion of any relevant issues such as the severity of patientâ€™s condition, cognitive/moral development of child, danger to self/others, etc