Health Promotion Essay; The Role of Health Promotion, National Health Promotion, Regional Health Promotion – Derbyshire, Local Health Promotion – Chesterfield, Strengths and Weaknesses of Health Promotion, and Behavioral Modifications in Health Promotion.

Health Promotion Essay

This essay is about health promotion. Study it to gain insights on the topic of health promotion.

Introduction to Health Promotion Essay

This written argument will identify and explain why public health and physical activity promotion is so important. It will show an awareness of the role, function, and context of national, regional, and local public health and physical activity promotion agencies. It will also examine and evaluate various public health and physical activity promotion models and methodologies.

What is health?

Health may be defined in a variety of ways. Health implies various things to different individuals; for example, if someone does not drink or smoke, they consider themselves to be healthy, as does eating a well-balanced diet. The World Health Organization provides the most widely accepted definition of health.

According to the World Health Organization:

‘Health is more than just the absence of sickness or infirmity; it is a condition of total physical, mental, and social well-being.’ Health is a dynamic state that results from the body’s ongoing adjustment and adaptation in reaction to pressures and changes in the environment in order to preserve homeostasis or internal balance’ (World Health Organization, 2003).

This definition, on the other hand, has been unchanged since 1948.

What is health promotion?

Health promotion is taking steps to prevent illness and promote the health of individuals and communities. Many of society’s health issues, such as obesity, lack of exercise, and smoking, may be addressed via the development of skills and knowledge, community action, supportive settings, healthy public policies, and health services.

Individuals and communities may benefit from health promotion by gaining more control over their health and well-being. According to Curtin University (2012), “health promotion may help us choose choices that promote well-being, with a considerable percentage of ill-health connected to decisions regarding diet, exercise, the use of legal and illicit drugs, interpersonal relationships, and other social behaviors.”

Health promotion is distinguished by its holistic approach to health, the use of participatory methodologies, and an emphasis on the causes and treatment of health rather than simply health issues and diseases. Education, income, job, working circumstances, and social standing are examples of social, behavioral, environmental, and economic variables that contribute to poor health, wellbeing, and sickness. To improve health at the individual, neighborhood, and population levels, health promotion draws on existing strengths and assets and employs diverse, complementary tactics.

Why is health promotion needed?

There are concerns that the current generation and their children will age less successfully than previous generations – which is understandable given that, while cigarette smoking rates are declining, more people are drinking heavily, only a minority of adults exercise regularly enough to maintain good health, and obesity rates have risen dramatically in the last 20 years.

Obesity is a major health condition that may lead to diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension, and joint discomfort. According to Nursing Times (2009), “these health issues can be avoided or postponed by lifestyle adjustments.” Adults of all ages would be able to enjoy happier and healthier lives with the help of a health promotion package.’

Overweight or obese people account for almost two-thirds of the population in England. Obesity has increased by about 400 percent in the previous 25 years, and on current trends, it will soon overtake smoking as the leading cause of premature death (NHS Dudley, 2012).

Obesity is linked to a variety of health issues, including heart disease, diabetes, renal failure, osteoarthritis, back pain, and psychological harm. Obesity and cancer have just lately been shown to have a substantial link. (Dodds, 2009).

Obesity costs the economy £3.3-3.7 billion per year, according to Dodds (2009), while obesity with overweight costs £6.6-7.4 billion.

Obesity health promotion is particularly significant since it may help reduce the chances of a variety of other health disorders, lowering future expenditures through teaching people about proper nutrition and exercise, as well as behavior modification approaches.

Why do we need to promote mental health?

Even though there is a growing realization that “there is no health without mental health,” mental health promotion remains the most neglected area of health promotion (Christodoul, 2009).

Self-esteem, problem-solving skills, and the capacity to adapt to stress are all aspects of good mental health. The importance of promoting healthy mental health is helpful and important to everyone. It is critical to emphasize to policymakers and practitioners that mental health and mental wellness are problems that affect everyone. As a result, healthy mental health requires a coordinated effort from all parties involved, including the media, the government, local governments, industry, non-profit organizations, and the health, social, and economic sectors.

When most people think of mental health, they automatically associate it with negativity; however, this is not always the case. ‘Mental health does not only refer to the absence of mental disease.’ It’s described as “a condition of well-being in which each person realizes his or her own potential, can manage with regular life challenges, can work creatively and fruitfully, and can contribute to his or her society ” (Mental Health Ireland, 2013).

Mental health refers to how individuals feel about themselves, how they feel about others, and how well they can cope with life’s challenges. Mental health promotion is important because mental health affects all parts of human existence; it has significant, minor, and fundamental values for individuals, society, and culture. Mental health is intertwined with a society’s and its citizens’ well-being and productivity. Mental health is critical to everyone’s well-being and ability to operate.

Individuals’ mental health is critical to their overall well-being and ability to perform. Individuals, families, communities, and countries all benefit from good mental health. As an integral aspect of total health, mental health contributes to societal functions and has an impact on overall productivity.

Everyone is concerned about mental health since it is created in our daily lives in our families, schools, workplaces, and leisure activities. Every society’s social, human, and economic capital benefits from good mental health. Spirituality has the potential to significantly contribute to the promotion of mental health, and spiritual life has the potential to affect mental health (World Health Organization, 2004, p.21).

Mental health is an individual resource that adds to a person’s overall quality of life; one facet of excellent mental health is the ability to form mutually rewarding and long-lasting relationships.

The Role of Health Promotion.

What is the role of health promotion?

Staff in the field of health promotion operate on a variety of levels, from working with organizations and communities to direct interaction with people to more strategic work such as policy creation. Working as a health promotion professional entails much more than convincing and counseling people to improve their lifestyles; it also entails:

  • Project management – entails overseeing specific health promotion initiatives to ensure that they are carried out to a high degree, are successful, and are ethical.
  • Personal development – enhancing everyone’s personal, emotional, and social skills and abilities so that they can maximize their health and instill a health-promoting attitude in those around them.
  • Community development entails fostering and nurturing communities, such as neighborhoods, cultural communities, and special interest groups, to become healthy.
  • Organizational development — helping organizations, such as schools, workplaces, and hospitals, to become more health-promoting.
  • Partnership development – forming alliances with key individuals, communities, and organizations that can have an impact on health promotion, as well as assisting partnerships in becoming better educated to promote health.
  • Health information – figuring out how to give people the right information about their health, how social and behavioral factors can affect it, and what they can do to improve it.
  • Strategy development – development of a strategy for improving health and ensuring that local, regional, and national policies that affect the public’s health are implemented in a health-promoting manner.

(National Health Service Careers, 2012).

Specialists in health promotion work in a variety of settings and locations, including sport and fitness centers, communities, health centers, local government buildings, hospitals, offices, and schools.

National Health Promotion

Many different programs and schemes backed by the government, the NHS, the Department of Health, and some charities are included in national health promotion. Here are a few examples:

  • Change 4 Life – Change 4 Life is a government-sponsored campaign encouraging people to eat well, move more, and live longer. This necessitates the use of a website.
  • NHS Life Check – NHS Life Check is a free online service provided by the National Health Service that asks people a series of questions about their lifestyle and provides them with personalized results.
  • Take life one step at a time – Healthier Scotland has a website with information on healthy eating and physical activity.
  • NHS Health – NHS Health is the United Kingdom’s health improvement agency. Its mission is to improve the nation’s health.
  • Health at Work Programme from the British Heart Foundation – The British Heart Foundation’s Health at Work Programme focuses on promoting health and well-being in the workplace.
  • Healthcare Promotions – This is a free service for healthcare professionals that is used to raise awareness about a variety of health issues across the United Kingdom.
  • Alcohol Focus UK – Alcohol Focus UK is a national charity in the United Kingdom dedicated to reducing the harm caused by alcohol.
  • Down Your Drink – This website was created to assist people in determining whether or not they are drinking excessively and, if so, what they can do about it.
  • Drink Aware – Drink Aware is a campaign that aims to promote responsible drinking and find new ways to challenge the national drinking culture in order to reduce alcohol misuse and harm.
  • Fast forward – Fast Forward is a national non-profit organization that was founded to provide young people with the skills, education, and support they need to live healthier lives.
  • Hope UK – Works with communities across the UK to prevent children and young people from being harmed by drugs and alcohol.
  • Life Education Centres – Life Education Centres are designed to assist children in making healthy decisions by providing services tailored to the needs of primary school students.
  • Frank – this is a national drug information website that offers confidential drug advice.

(2012, Patient.co.uk)

Regional Health Promotion – Derbyshire

Derbyshire’s health promotion service provides a variety of free health and well-being programs, as well as advice and support, to the Derbyshire community and businesses. All of the programs are managed and delivered by health professionals. The following are some of the health promotion programs:

Waist Wise – Waist Wise is a weight-loss program for men and women with separate courses.

Derbyshire Stop Smoking Service – Derbyshire Stop Smoking Service is a specialized support program that assists smokers in quitting.

Health Referral Program – The Health Referral Program is a physical activity and exercise program for people who want to improve their health by becoming more active.

Children and Young People’s Health Promotion Program – The Derbyshire Children and Young People’s Health Promotion Program is a local initiative aimed at improving the health and wellbeing of Derbyshire’s children and young people.

Working Well – Working Well is a collection of programs aimed at assisting local businesses in improving the health, well-being, and safety of their employees and workplace.

Living with Long-term Conditions Program – The Living with Long-Term Conditions Program is a self-management program that aims to improve the health and well-being of people with long-term conditions.

Marketing and Resource Service – This is a collection of marketing resources for health and well-being that can be used in community and educational projects

(Derbyshire Community Health Service, 2012)

Derbyshire must work to combat obesity through health promotion, as the National Obesity Surgery Centre (2010) states, “Obesity has reached an all-time high in Derbyshire, with 25% of people now in this category.” According to NHS officials, this cost the NHS £7 million more in 2009 than it did in 2008. As the rate of obesity rises, millions more dollars will be spent each year.

In Derbyshire, 89 people underwent weight loss surgery such as gastric banding in 2008. Female patients outnumbered male patients by 75 to 14, with 75 women receiving gastric bands and 14 men receiving them. Overall, obese women outnumbered obese men by a small margin. Women outnumber men 72,000 to 70,000. The figures were revealed after statistics revealed that in England, eight times more people were admitted to hospitals due to obesity than ten years ago (National Obesity Surgery Centre, 2010).

This is yet another set of statistics demonstrating that the obesity epidemic is on the rise and urgently needs to be addressed. This is why, in many parts of the world, health promotion is critical.

Local Health Promotion – Chesterfield

Although the health of the Chesterfield community is better than the national average, there are health issues that differ by gender, deprivation level, and ethnicity. Almost seven out of ten locals rate their health as good or very good, which is considered low when compared to other countries.

Chesterfield also has a high rate of teen pregnancies and hospitalizations related to alcohol. Chesterfield has a higher rate of alcohol-related hospital admissions than anywhere else in Derbyshire, and the rate is higher than the national average (Chesterfield Borough Council, 2009).

Chesterfield is focusing on and providing opportunities for young people to participate in activities at the moment. The synthetic pitch at Queen’s Park Sports Centre is free to use for supervised activities for 10 hours per week. Swim Free is a health program that allows children under the age of 16 to swim for free, and the new Healthy Living Centre in Staveley is now open.

The council also received funding to improve play facilities in Chesterfield’s deprived Barrow Hill neighborhood. ‘Last year, the number of children participating in sports development activity increased from 1,255 to 1,541,’ according to Chesterfield Borough Council (2012). These health promotion activities reduce the risk of obesity by providing physical activity, which is essential when trying to lose or maintain a healthy body weight.

Strengths and Weaknesses of Health Promotion

Weaknesses

  • Funding and resource constraints – When it comes to health promotion, funding and resource constraints are a major issue.
  • Staffing shortages – funding issues
  • Losing out to direct care – health promotion is viewed as unimportant, so nurses will be dealing with health promotion in addition to providing direct patient care.
  • Lack of knowledge about health promotion – According to Godden (2008), “staff and management can sometimes be identified as lacking in knowledge about health promotion.” Godden also identified a lack of skills and knowledge among staff as a flaw, and several NHS employees suggested that there is an unjustified assumption that anyone can do health promotion without the proper training.
  • Some sectors, as well as the general public, do not understand or recognize the importance of health promotion.

Strengths

  • Reducing economic costs by addressing health issues such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, and cancer
  • Togetherness – coming together as a community as a group
  • Making new acquaintances
  • Reduce depression levels through health promotion based on physical activity – physical activity reduces depression symptoms. Physical activity releases endorphins, which can improve a person’s mood, exercise the immune system, which can help with depression, and increases body temperature, which has a calming effect. Exercise also boosts self-esteem and helps to divert negative thoughts. Exercising may provide more opportunities for socialization and a healthy way for people to cope with depression.
  • According to Morin (2011), “33% of adults do not engage in any form of leisure-time physical activity.” Depression is alleviated by increasing physical activity. This is why encouraging people to exercise is beneficial to everyone and will reduce the cost of antidepressant prescriptions on the NHS.’

Behavioral Modifications in Health Promotion

Which theories are useful in combating obesity and promoting healthy eating?

Health Promotion Essay

There are many theories and models used in health promotion, but the focus of the behavior change that is being worked out varies. The following theories may be useful in combating obesity and promoting healthy eating.

  • The community’s readiness to change would be assessed using the stages of change model.
  • Learning theory, diffusion of innovations theory, and communication theory could all be used to help people make healthier food choices.
  • Community development theory could aid in overcoming barriers to a healthy diet in the community (for example through setting up a food co-operative).
  • Policy theory could aid in the understanding of how to influence political processes (e.g. getting the council to set aside land for allotments).
  • The Health Belief Model can also help to promote good health. The Health Belief Model assumes that a person believes they can avoid a negative condition such as obesity, that an individual will expect positive results if they take recommended actions to avoid negative health conditions, and that people believe they can successfully take recommended health steps toward leading a positive healthy life. This model will also help the NHS reduce costs for all types of health problems.

(College of Human Ecology, Kansas State University, 2006)

The Importance of Health Promotion

Is health promotion a good thing?

Prevention is the goal of health promotion. The practice of preventing disease and promoting good health in groups of people, ranging from small communities to entire countries, is known as health promotion.

Yes, health promotion is beneficial because it saves money and improves people’s lives. When a community is healthy, it spends less money on health care, resulting in increased economic productivity and a higher quality of life for all. Not only does health promotion benefit adults, but it also benefits children. A healthy child will grow up to be a healthy adult; a healthy child attends school more frequently and performs better overall, implying that they will be educated on health and fitness and, hopefully, pass it on to their children.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What do we mean by health?

Health Promotion Essay

According to the World Health Organization:

‘Health is more than just the absence of sickness or infirmity; it is a condition of total physical, mental, and social well-being.’ Health is a dynamic state that results from the body’s ongoing adjustment and adaptation in reaction to pressures and changes in the environment in order to preserve homeostasis or internal balance’ (World Health Organization, 2003).

2. What do you mean by health promotion?

Health promotion is taking steps to prevent illness and promote the health of individuals and communities. Many of society’s health issues, such as obesity, lack of exercise, and smoking, may be addressed via the development of skills and knowledge, community action, supportive settings, healthy public policies, and health services.

3. Why is health promotion important?

Yes, health promotion is beneficial because it saves money and improves people’s lives. When a community is healthy, it spends less money on health care, resulting in increased economic productivity and a higher quality of life for all. Not only does health promotion benefit adults, but it also benefits children. A healthy child will grow up to be a healthy adult; a healthy child attends school more frequently and performs better overall, implying that they will be educated on health and fitness and, hopefully, pass it on to their children.

 

Health Promotion Essay

 

Looking for a Similar Assignment? Order now and Get a Discount!

"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Order now and Get a Discount!