Here is the instructions from the professor Essay writing guidelines for comp II. The following are guidelines you are to follow in the construction of these essays. Your ability to construct essays successfully will have a bearing on your grade. I will not only be looking at your ideas. In order for you to get a good grade in this class you will have to do the THREE FORMS successfully (essay, quote, work cited forms). You should construct your essays exactly as to the rules which follow. IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT THAT YOU FOLLOW THE DIRECTIONS BELOW. YOUR GRADE DEPENDS UPON IT. IT IS A GOOD IDEA TO PRINT OUT THIS PAGE AND KEEP IT WITH YOU WHEN WORKING ON THE PAPERS. Here are some errors that occur regularly….that I am hoping you will not make! Do not plagiarize. If you copy and paste from the web the ‘originality report’ will tell me what you took and where it came from. If you do not notate/quote it correctly, you will receive an F for the paper. Please be aware of this. How to use the web without getting an F? You can quote the passage correctly–see form below, or you can read the info, put it in your notes in your own words, then rewrite it–again in your own words. That way, the information will be in the paper but the words will be yours. You do not need to cite historical info, but if you take someone’s idea from a source, you need to cite it at the end of that section. But again, if you use their words without quotes, you are plagiarizing…..which is unacceptable. To quote a passage successfully from the web, see the Quote section below. Please do your works cited page as instructed below. It may be different than what you find elsewhere, especially on websites. The only correct way to do the works cited, as far as this course is concerned, is stated below. Read the assignment pages carefully….if you pick something not on the lists there, you need to clear it with me. (On the history paper you need to narrow the topic as much as possible. ‘The civil war’ as a topic is too broad and is unacceptable. A battle from that war is ok. Get the idea?) (On some papers–art/music–you will write biographical paragraphs. All body paragraphs must begin with a topic sentence–a sentence that identifies the point of the paragraph clearly and links back to the thesis. You can do this on bio paragraphs by included the overall subject, such as music or art…..that will create a link to thesis. So for instance: Pablo Picasso was born in Spain. …is not a good topic sentence. But—Pable Picasso was born in Spain and from the beginning was surrounded by art that would later influence him. ….is a good one. See the difference? Always begin your paper with an interesting title—it may contain the subject, but it needs to be more—-do not use Film Paper as a title! Introduction: This is the first paragraph of your essay. It is best to begin your essay with a sentence (or sentences) that get the interest of the reader without identifying clearly the subject you are writing on. This section is called the “Hook.” After you get the reader’s interest then identify the subject and give some general information about it. This should be about three or more sentences in length. Finally, the last sentence of this paragraph should be your thesis. The thesis is important because it spells out the main idea of your essay. All the body paragraphs which follow hinge on this sentence because those paragraphs will attempt to prove the thesis. The first paragraph, like all following paragraphs, is usually five or more sentences long. Body Paragraphs: The body of the essay is made up of paragraphs which represent proofs which convince the reader that the thesis is correct. The first sentence of each body paragraph should spell out clearly the point that is to be covered in the paragraph (this point, in turn, should help prove the thesis). This sentence is called the Topic Sentence. (Note: Even biographical paragraphs need to begin with a topic sentence. To do this, add the overall concept word–such as music or art–into the first sentence of the paragraph discussing the bio material–such as, Johnny Cash was born in Arkansas and from the beginning was surrounded by music that would influence his biggest hits.) After clearly identifying the point, the rest of the paragraph goes into detail proving and illustrating the point. (Here is where your quotes will be placed.) THESE PAPERS ARE NOT PLOT SUMMARIES. DO NOT SIMPLY RETELL WHAT HAPPENS IN THE FILM, NOVEL…etc.. Use the plot to illustrate your ideas. At the end of the body paragraph (you will have several of these—each covering points you want to make), you should round off the point and give the reader a feeling that this point is complete and another is to follow. You will then be ready to begin the next body paragraph. Note: When you are writing on a famous person, do not just use their first name…unless you know him/her personally! Conclusion: The last paragraph of your essay is the conclusion. No new information will be found in this paragraph. (Note: If you are discussing an individual and want to cover his/her death, do not do so in the conclusion. Cover that information in the body section.) The first sentence should restate the thesis/main idea. The next part will review the main points that you have made in the paper. The last section should leave the reader with an interesting thought, question, quote…etc. IMPORTANT SENTENCES: last of intro, first of body paragraphs, first of conclusion Quotes: Each paper you write will quote from critics on the subject. You will quote from five different sources in your paper. You can quote more than once from the same source and quotes should be used to back up some point you are making. Most quotes will come in the middle of the body paragraphs. Each quote should begin with a phrase of introduction. An example: John Smith, a noted critic, states, “…….” This phrase identifies who said it, gives a sense of why he should be believed, and is in the present tense. The quote then follows and after that the page number is placed in parenthesis. An example: John Smith, a noted critic states, “Gone With The Wind was a classic movie from the studio system” (356). Notice that the film title is underlined; that the period follows parenthesis; and that the number only is inside the ( ). If the source does not have an author (some encyclopedias do not), the first title word of the citation on the work cited page is included in the ( ). An example: (“Gone” 456) would coincide with the work cited entry: “Gone With The Wind.” Motion Picture Guide. 1983. which would be found on the work cited page. If there is no page—like in web sources—and you name the author in the intro to the quote, you don’t need to put anything after the end of the quote. If there is no author to the web source, put the first word of the works cited entry in the ( )… Example: (“Clark”). This would refer to a web source for the actor Clark Gable which has no author….the page title being “Clark Gable”…which would begin the citation on the works cited page; use only the first word of the page title in ( ). Work Cited: Each essay will be accompanied by a work cited page. At the top of the page center the words, Work Cited. This page lists (in MLA form) the sources you have quoted from. Use your MLA booklet to find examples of the type of source you are quoting from. For instance, if you are quoting from an encyclopedia, check to see if there is an author’s name at beginning or end of the entry. That will determine whether it is a signed or unsigned article in a reference book–see # 19 or 20 in your booklet. If it is a book by an author, see example #1. An example: Bohn, Thomas W. Light and Shadows: A History of Motion Pictures. Mayfield, 1987.—–note: we used to put place of publication in the citation….we no longer do that. In terms of source material, you will have special sources for each paper. But I suggest that you use at least TWO real paper sources in each paper (something not found on the web.) This is, however, just a suggestion. Internet Sources: You will no doubt use sources from the net. In order to simplify matters, you must use the following form. (Basically we will use the reference form ( in booklet) Do not put address. An example: Smith, John. “Clark Gable.” Moviemania.com. 10 Feb. 2013. (The web title will be in italics; the date is the date you looked it up, number-month-year, no comma.) Look for the author first; then an entry/page title (which may just be the subject you looked up); the website title (which will be underlined like a text); the date (the date you looked it up.) The rule on titles–If it is the whole thing (book, film…etc.), then underline it; If it is part of something (a song, an entry…etc.), put quotation marks around it. How he wants the Work Cited: you can use wikipedia for a source. but i would suggest also using the online database available from our library…. found here: https://kckcc.libguides.com/?b=s i would also like/hope you to peruse books in your local library–or ours on campus. most libraries have specialized encyclopedias that cover the subjects we are considering. ask the librarians…..they love to talk to the patrons. example of form: for wikipedia…the form we are using: if i looked up miles davis—–there is no author, so the subject title comes first…it is in quotes. the web title is next…it is italicized–although not here because i can’t make it do that for some reason. then the date you looked it up with the date number first, then month, then year. and that is it. (if it had an author we would put it first—last name, first name.) “Miles Davis.” Wikipedia.org. 29 Jon. 2019. History: The length of this paper will be five typed pages and the number of sources will be five or more. The subject matter will be anything to do with a historical topic you are interested in before 1980. You might pick a famous person and concentrate on his/her activity—you don’t, however, want to simply write the bio of an individual. You might pick an event and discuss it in light of its importance, what led up to it, and how it affected a general outcome (such as a battle affects a war). If you pick an event, make sure it is connected to a specific point in time. You might also pick an object that has something to do with war/politics……a famous document or the effect a certain kind of rifle had on a war…etc. The specific topics are too numerous to mention/list here. Plus, I want you to consider what you already know, what you would like to know more about, or what you have covered in history classes. Whatever you choose, write it down with your name and hand it in to me. Remember—this is another ESSAY, so we will want to continue our use of the essay form, quote form, work cited form. Continue also to work on Topic Sentences and whatever you may have made mistakes on in the past papers. I will give you a few hints for topics. American Wars—Revolutionary War, War of 1812, Civil War, WW I/II, Viet Nam War…etc. All these are interesting and contain a number of interesting events and individuals. American Presidents—Every president has had an interesting time in office. Now is your chance to investigate someone who is important to our history that you may know little about. Check the World Book for some good information. European wars and history are certainly fair game. My advice is to sit down with a history book and look through it. Try a couple of topics that catch your eye and narrow them down by finding out which has the most researchable information on it.