What do you see when you look at these artists’ work? Are there any differences in terms of scale, ambition, or monumentality? Why do you believe the center of the Renaissance shifts from Florence to Rome? Venetian artists and architects also have a very unique take on art and architecture during this period. What do you see as the main conceptual ideas behind Mannerism? Is there something to it beyond elongated necks and fingers? Why would artists deliberately create works in this way when the dominant trend in Rome was to create bodies and spaces as realistically as possible? 450 for essay and 25 each to response 2 student essay thank you so much 1. The artistic changes of the Renaissance include painting, sculpture, architecture and music. In terms of sculpture, sculptors in the Renaissance focused on the expression of people’s earthly beauty and truth, creating a lot of sculptures full of three-dimensional sense and earthly firm belief. These Renaissance figures have a very confident posture, he no longer needs to be secular constraints, can pose as superior. Especially in the high Renaissance, there appeared an idealism of generalizing the individual, focusing on the harmony between spirit and body. The later stages of the reformation showed a strong desire for it. In painting, the early Renaissance was expressed as a firm realism, with the help of perspective to show the three-dimensional sense, so that natural phenomena can be faithfully reproduced. In its heyday, realism developed into an ideal real world, making painting themes and elements subordinate to the eternal law of beauty and making full use of triangular composition and perspective. The great Florentine artist leonardo Da Vinci was not only a great painter, but also a mathematician, physicist and engineer. He used scientific principles to harmonize the colors and layout of his paintings to show the characters’ personalities and inner activities. His masterpieces include the last supper and Mona Lisa. “The last supper” is a bible fairy story, focusing on depicting Jesus at the dinner table to his twelve disciples Renaissance architects and artists believed that gothic architecture was a symbol of Christian theocracy, while ancient Greek and Roman architecture was non-christian. They believe that this kind of classical architecture, especially the classical column composition, views harmony and rationality, and has something in common with the beauty of the human body, which is in line with the humanistic concept of the Renaissance movement. Renaissance art expresses humanism’s human-centered pursuit. Humanistic scholars and artists to advocate human nature against the divine, advocates the human rights against theocracy, advocates personality freedom against personal attachment, Renaissance art is developed on this basis. The period of the work are required to break the feudal theocracy, breaking the feudal asceticism. Break the feudal system of spirit and even the blockade of the flesh. The Renaissance of religious art, after all is a kind of religious art, rather than under the feudal system of the religious art of the church. 2. There are many differences between the Early Renaissance and the High Renaissance. Leonardo Da Vinci was famously known for sfumato, the technique of allowing tones and colors to shade gradually into one another, producing softened outlines or hazy forms. He was also known for Mona Lisa and the “Last Supper”. When I look at the artists’ work, I see these figures and paintings seemingly “pop out” at me. They almost look real and that is the beauty of the art. Da Vinci believed in making his art seem real while still maintaining its spirituality. Raphael viewed his figures as living things. He brought painting, coloring, and invention into a state of perfection. Michelangelo practiced painting, sculpture, and architecture, perfecting the art of design. I believe the Renaissance shifted from Florence to Rome because Rome provided more strength, vitality, and dominance compared to the other weaker states. Mannerism is an artistic style that emerged toward the end of the Renaissance movement and is an exaggerated approach to painting and sculpture. Artist Parmigianino adopted this style while painting. Mannerists didn’t believe in making their art appear real. Instead, these figures had twisted and stretched forms to suggest movement and heighten drama. They also used artificial colors instead of natural colors.