NR501 Health Promotion Behavior Concept
Health Promotion Behavior Concept
A concept is a measurable variable in a hypothesis or theory. Concepts, which are intended to clarify the subject matter of the theory, play a role in theory development because they provide organizational structure to develop theories (McEwen & Willis, 2014, p. 51).
Some concepts relevant to nursing include accountability, caring, pain, communication, and collaboration. In concept analysis, ideas and decisions are analyzed and broken down by the main features of the concept. Some of these features include: antecedents, attributes, consequences and empirical referents (Walker & Avant, 2010).
The purpose of concept analysis in nursing is to define, clarify and recognize phenomena to enhance understanding and boost further research (Poortaghi et al., 2015, p. 2). Concept analysis and development is the driving force to improve quality in nursing practice, because can identifying gaps in nursing knowledge (McEwen & Willis, 2014, p. 55).
The concept of health-promoting behaviors in patients is derived from Nola Pender’s health promotion model, a nursing-based theory. Nola Pender’s health promotion model asserts that everyone has unique personal experiences and traits which affect his or her subsequent actions (Pender, Murdaugh, & Parsons, 2011, p. 45).
Nurses utilize the middle-range theory Health Promotion Model (HPM) to create individualized plans which reinforce health seeking behaviors (Pender et al., 2011, p. 44). Individualized client plans encourage health promotion behaviors and quality of life. This paper reviews the concept of health-promoting behaviors as depicted in Nola Pender’s health promotion model utilizing the method developed by Walker and Avant (2010). Explanation of Health Promoting Behavior Concept
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HEALTH PROMOTION BEHAVIOR CONCEPT 3
The World Health Organization defines health promotion as the process of utilizing social and environmental interventions to improve individual behaviors and health (2017). Kemppainen, Tossavainen, & Turunen assert that this concept was created to address social and health policies (2013, p. 490). King (1994) explains that health promotion involves education, research, public policy, and development of community and environmental awareness (p. 213).
The term health-seeking behavior has often been used interchangeably with health- promoting behavior (McCutcheon, 2015, p. 75). Health-promoting behaviors are active approaches to achieve optimal health, reduce the incidence of chronic disease and illness, and achieve better quality of life.
Health-promoting behaviors include: proper diet and nutrition, dental hygiene, engaging in physical activity, and avoiding high-risk behaviors (Asrami, Hamzehgardeshi, & Shahhosseini, 2016