Please respond to my teacher asking to my post if we should continue the three medication Synthroid 100 mcg daily
Nifedipine 30 mg daily
Prednisone 10 mg daily

Pharmacotherapy for Hepatobiliary Disorders

Review of Case Study:

Patient HL comes into the clinic with the following symptoms: nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The patient has a history of drug abuse and possible Hepatitis C. HL is currently taking the following prescription drugs:

Synthroid 100 mcg daily
Nifedipine 30 mg daily
Prednisone 10 mg daily

History of Present Illness and Medical History

Patient presents with symptoms of diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. Learning from HL’s medical history, HL appears to have some possible chronic conditions based on his current medications; Synthroid 100 mg daily, Nifedipine 30mg daily, and prednisone 10mg daily. Also, the history states that HL has a history of drug abuse and possible Hepatitis C that could have possibly started years ago or more recently.

Please respond to my teacher asking to my post if we should continue the three medication Synthroid 100 mcg daily
Please respond to my teacher asking to my post if we should continue the three medication Synthroid 100 mcg daily

Synthroid is a hormone replacement that is used to treat hypothyroidism, thyroid cancer and goiter (Drugs.com, 2017). Synthroid can have adverse effects if not taken properly or if misused. Diarrhea is a common side effect of Synthroid, but nausea and vomiting along with appetite changes are a severe/adverse side effe…….

Nifedpine is a calcium channel blocker that is used to treat hypertension and chest pain (angina). The initial dose is 30-60mg orally once a day for the extended release and 10mg for the immediate release tablets. Vomiting, nausea and diarrhea are no………ll increase the level or effect of prednisone by affecting hepatic/intestinal enzyme CYP3A4 metabolism, and should be used with caution.

Assessment and Diagnostics

A comprehensive history and physical examination is required to create a full picture of any under…………..mine the cause of the symptoms.

Primary Diagnosis: Hepatitis C Virus

Hepatitis C is a serious liver infection caused by the hepatitis C virus that usually result from infected person-to-person contact of blood and bodily fluids, sexual intercourse or sharing of needles associated with illicit drug/substance use. It can be acute or c……..

Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis: is an acute bacterial infection of ascitic fluid, and is a complication in patients with liver cirrhosis. Symptoms include fever, chills, abdomina……..e it out.
Gastroenteritis: is irritation/inflammation of the stomach and intestines caused by food contaminated with bacteria, viruses, parasites, or toxins. Symptoms may include cram………4 to 48 hours.

Plan and Treatment Recommendations

According to the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (2016), the following are the recommendations for treatment and management per HCV Guidelines:

Regular laboratory monitoring is recommended in the setting of acut,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,etermine spontaneous clearance of HCV infection versus persistence of infection.

If the practitioner and patient have decided that a delay in treatment initiation is acceptable, monitoring for spontaneous clearance is recommended for a minimum o…………..ll under the genotype 1a (without cirrhosis).

Combination of elbasvir (50 mg)/grazoprevir (100……..IU/mL
Combination of paritaprevir (150 mg)/ritonavir (100 mg)/ombitasvir (25 mg) with dasabuvir (600 mg) daily fo,,,,,…….rin.

Taking simeprevir (150 mg) with sofosbuvir (400 mg) daily for 12 weeks.
Combination of sofosbuvir (400 mg)/velpatasvir (100 mg) daily for 12 weeks
Taking daclatasvir (60 mg*) with s………………………ely.

An alternative treatment, is the combination of elbasvir (50 mg)/grazoprevir (100 mg) with weight-based ribavirin; for patients who have baseline NS5A RASs§ for elbasvir daily for 16 weeks.

If a decision has been made to initiate treatment during the acute infection period, monitoring HC…………………..are recommended for acute infection.

For patients in whom HCV infection spontaneously clears, treatment is Not Recommended.

Counseling is recommended for patients with acute HCV infection on nutrition, hydration, avoiding hepatotoxic insults, including hepatotoxic drugs (e.g., aceta…………s.

Referral t……………………….

References

American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the Infectious Diseases Society of
America (2016). Management of Acute HCV Infection. Retrieved from http://www.hcvguidelines.org/unique-populations/acute-infection

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2016). Hepatitis C FAQs for the Public.

Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hcv/cfaq.htm

Daley, M. (2015). Stool Symptoms of Hepatitis C. Retrieved from

Drugs.com (2017). Drugs by Condition. Retrieved from http://www.drugs.com/

Dryden-Edwards, R. (2016). Drug Dependence and Abuse. Retrieved from
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/drug_dependence_and_abuse/article_em.htm#drug_dependence__abuse_overview

Green, T. (2016). Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis. Retrieved from

Kemmer, N. & Sherman, K. (2010). Hepatitis C-related arthropathy: Diagnostic and

treatment considerations. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3103264/

Medscape (2017). Drug Interaction Checker. Retrieved from

WebMD (2015). Gastroenteritis. Retrieved from

My Family’s Disaster Plan APA formate

Complete the Assignment Checklist. Check off items that you have in inventory.  

  • For items that are not applicable to you and your living situation, please write N/A (not applicable) in the space, otherwise it will be counted as incomplete.
  •  Remember to protect personal information by using pseudonyms, or by providing only partial information
    • ​Ex: Sister: Britley *****, phone: 724-***-****, email: b********@yahoo.com

Review the rubric for more information on how the assignment will be graded.

Please note: You are not required to purchase any items on this list, however, take note of the items you are missing and consider how it could impact your safety and survival in a disaster.

 My Family’s Disaster Plan

Learn about the natural disasters that could occur in your community and how you can respond to them. Provide at least two references and sources of information. Use APA Style for your reference.

Possible hazards in my area:

1.____________________  APA source reference: __________________________

2. ____________________ APA source reference: __________________________

3. ________________________________________________

4. ________________________________________________

5. ________________________________________________

6. ________________________________________________

Emergency Phone Numbers

(Program these into all phones and post in a common area in the home.)

  • Police department:
  • Fire department:
  • Local emergency services:
  • Healthcare provider(s):
  • Local American Red Cross:
  • Poison Help: 1-800-222-1212
  • Other local emergency personnel numbers: ___________________
  • ___________________
  • ___________________

Employers and School Officials Contacts

I know the emergency response plans for employers and schools. _____

School:

Address:

Phone:

Contact name:

Child Day Care/School Phone #
     
     
     

Employer:

Address:

Phone:

Contact name:

Employer:

Address:

Phone:

Contact name:

Family Communication Plan

Prepare a family communication plan so that each member of the family can contact one another quickly.

  • Everyone has a cell phone or calling card _____
  • Young children know how to call (numbers are saved) ______
Name Contact Name Phone Email
       
       
       

Identify two meeting places for your family in the event that you are separated.

Near your home:

Location:

Address:

Phone:

Away from your home (in the event you cannot return home):

Location:

Address:

Phone:

Draw a floor plan of your home and attach it to your submission; mark two escape routes from each room. ______

Pick a friend or relative who lives out of the area for household members to call/email to say they are okay.

Name:

Phone:

Email:

Everyone in the house knows how and when to shut off utilities. ______

Utility Name Number Shut-Off Location/Main Controls
Electric    
Water    
Gas    

Evacuation Plan and Transportation

Extra gallon of gas ______

Local government resource ______

Contact person/agency:

Address:

Phone:

Certifications

Stay current and up to date (e.g., CPR, ACLS, PALS, TNCC).

  • Certification #1:
  • Date of Completion/renewal:
  • Certification #2:
  • Date of Completion/renewal:
  • Certification #3:
  • Date of Completion/renewal:

Property, Health, and Financial Well-being

Review property insurance policies for disaster policies. ______

Current ______

            Appropriate to needs ______

Review life-insurance policies.  ______

Current ______

            Appropriate to needs ______

Review health insurance policies.  ______

Current ______

            Appropriate to needs ______

Review financial documents. ______

            Emergency savings   $______

            Easily accessible, small cash savings $ ______

Important Documents and Items Secured

Make sure you have copies of important documents and items that can be stored in a fireproof watertight container.

  Important Items Check off Photocopied Items That are Safely Stored
Personal identification  
Cash and coins  
Credit card(s)  
Extra set of house keys and car keys  
Birth certificate  
Marriage certificate  
Driver’s license  
Social Security card  
Passport/visa  
Wills  
Deeds  
Inventory of household goods (with photos & serial numbers)  
Insurance papers  
Immunization records AllergiesMedications  
Bank and credit card numbers  
Stock/bonds  
Emergency contact list (phone/address/email)  
Local map and emergency shelter locations  
Pet information  
Additional:  
   
   

Consider ways to help neighbors who may need special assistance (ESL/medical/living alone).

Name Special Help Needed Address Phone
       
       

Pet Arrangements

As per local and state health and safety regulations, pets are not permitted in some shelters such as American Red Cross shelters. Service animals are permitted.

Name of shelter vet:

Address:

Phone:

Names of pet friendly hotels/motels or friends/family out of the area:

Name:

Address:
Phone:

Name:

Address:
Phone:

Name:

Address:
Phone:

Special Needs Assistance

Special needs assistance organization in community.

Name:

Address:

Phone:

Register with local office of emergency services or fire department.

Name:

Address:

Phone:

Create a network of neighbors, friends, relatives, coworkers to aid you in an emergency _____

  • Mobility escape chair in place _____
  • High-rise/apartment arrangements for emergency evacuation _____
  • Extra wheelchair batteries, oxygen, catheters, medications, food for service animals _____
  • Caregiver identification information _____
  • Medical bracelet, etc. _____

Disaster Supply Kit “Go Bag”

You and your family may need to survive on your own for 3 days or more. Consider having additional supplies for up to two weeks confinement or shelter. You should prepare emergency supplies for the following situations:

Go Bags

Home: Make sure all family members know where the go bags are and have access them. _____

Specific go bags:

Pet go bag _____

Child go bag with special items for feeling safe and staying occupied _____

Car: 3-day supplies included with emergency roadside equipment _____

Work go bag _____

Water Supplies  

Stocking water supplies should be a top priority. Drinking water in emergency situations should not be rationed. It is critical to store adequate amounts of water for your household. Check off the supplies you have on hand and indicate the date the supply needs to be refreshed.

  • Two quarts of water daily for drinking for each person in household. _____
  • Extra two quarts of water daily for children, nursing mothers, and those who are ill and need more. _____
  • One gallon/week supply of water stored for sanitary and cooking needs for household. _____

Change water every 6 months.

  • Update water supplies _____________ (date)

Safety Tip: Water Storage and Collection in an Emergency

  • Do not store in glass containers or other containers that can break.
  • Do not rely on untested devices for decontaminating water.
  • If you have a well or public water, follow treatment methods provided by your public health service or water provider.
  • Store water in a cool, dark place.

Food: Preparing and Emergency Supply

Food, unlike water may be rationed except for children and pregnant women. No special food needed. Keep canned foods and dry mixes stocked. Replenish food supplies every 6 months. Use and replace. Store newer items in the back, older items in front.

Stock high energy protein foods in go bags:

Peanut butter ______

Trail mix ______

Granola bars ______

Peanuts ______

Hard candy ______

Boxed juices ______

Powdered milk ______

Dry fruits______

Keep infant foods and special diet foods in supply. ______

First Aid Supplies

Assemble a first aid kit for your home and each vehicle. ______

Check off all of the basic items you have and list additional specialty items you have on hand:

First aid manual ______

Sterile adhesive bandages, assorted sizes ______

Safety pins assorted sizes ______

Cleansing agents ______

Antibiotic ointment ______

Latex gloves (2 pair) ______

Petroleum jelly or other lubricant ______

2-inch and 4-inch sterile gauze pads (4 to 6 of each) ______

Triangular bandages (3) ______

Sunscreen______

Scissors______

2-inch and 3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls each) ______

Tweezers ______

Needle______

Moistened towelettes ______

Antiseptic ______

Thermometer ______

Tongue depressor blades (2) ______

Prescription medication list (ask your pharmacist about storing prescription medications) ______

Extra pair or prescription eye glasses or contacts______

Nonprescription drugs:

Aspirin and non—aspirin pain relievers ______

Antidiarrheal medication ______

Antacid______

Laxative______

Vitamins______

Syrup of ipecac ______

Tools and Emergency Supplies

Assemble these items in a disaster supply kit in case you need to leave quickly.

Check off all of the basic items you have and list additional specialty items you have on hand.

Tools

Portable, battery-powered radio, TV, alarm clock ______

Flashlight and extra batteries ______

Signal flare ______

Matches in a waterproof container ______

Shut-off wrench, pliers, shovel, hammer, screwdriver, and other tools ______

Duct tape and scissors ______

Plastic sheeting ______

Whistle ______

A-B-C fire extinguisher ______

Tube tent ______

Compass ______

Work gloves ______

Paper, pen, pencils ______

Needles and thread ______

Sanitation and Hygiene

Washcloth and towel ______

Towelletes, soap, hand sanitizer, liquid detergent ______

Toiletries ______

Heavy-duty plastic garbage bags ______

Medium–sized plastic bucket with tight lid and small shovel for digging a latrine ______

Disinfectant and household chlorine bleach ______

Kitchen Items

Manual can opener ______

Mess kits or paper cups, plates, plastic utensils ______

All-purpose knife ______

A dropper (eye dropper) with measurements ______

Liquid bleach to treat water ______

  • Only use regular, unscented chlorine bleach products that are suitable for disinfection and sanitization as indicated on the label. The label may say that the active ingredient contains 6 or 8.25% of sodium hypochlorite. Do not use scented, color safe, or bleaches with added cleaners. If water is cloudy, let it settle and filter it through a clean cloth, paper towel, or coffee filter.

Sugar, salt, pepper ______

Aluminum foil, plastic wrap ______

Resealing plastic bags ______

If food must be cooked, a small camping stove and can of cooking fuel ______

Clothes and Bedding

One complete change of clothes and footwear for each member of household. Shoes should be sturdy work shoes or boots. ______

Rain gear, hats and gloves, extra socks and underwear, thermal underwear, sunglasses. ______

Blankets or sleeping bag and pillows for each member. ______

Specialty Items as Needed For:

The baby ______

The elderly ______

Pets ______

Other Items

Add a list of additional items to include here. Review other disaster preparedness websites for items not included here. Check off items that you have and list items you need to acquire.

  Item   Included
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

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