Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation

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Portfolio Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation

Introduction

In the realm of informatics, advances in technology and their integration in healthcare to increase safety and efficiency have inspired new tasks and duties for nurses. A nurse informaticist, for example, supports system developers in analyzing issues and proposing solutions throughout the SDLC. The SDLC (Systems Development Life Cycle) outlines the stages that system developers must take while developing, troubleshooting, and implementing a system.

The complete procedure necessitates a methodical approach to problem-solving that will provide remedies to an existing issue. The major problem addressed by most nurse informacists in healthcare organizations, according to McGonigle & Mastrian, (2018), is building a documentation system that meets the difficulties of nursing documentation. Nurses make up the bulk of the health-care workforce and spend the majority of their time caring for patients. As a result, they should be actively engaged in the development of healthcare information systems to ensure better results.

Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation.

The SDLC’s steps

The SDLC processes differ depending on the kind of system being designed. Planning and requirements definition, analysis, design, implementation, testing, and maintenance (post-implementation) are the five primary processes in the construction of a system that supports nursing documentation.

Nurses must be included at every step of the cycle to increase the likelihood of success since they are well-versed in the desired output. Nurse leaders, for example, may assist system developers at every level of development, ensuring that strategies are made to identify and solve organizational requirements. A system developer, on the other hand, may consider employing a reverse system development technique to discover the most relevant inputs to begin work with. Any workflow flaws in the system may be identified and communicated by a nurse informacist.

Requirements and Planning Definition

Planning is the most important instrument for ensuring that every program or activity has a good probability of succeeding. The lead nurse is responsible for providing the system developers with a healthcare strategy throughout the system development cycle. The information supplied is utilized to design the optimum system development techniques. A nurse identifies the requirements for creating certain outputs that are included into the system during the requirements definition. Later, the system developer would design how to code the offered inputs.

Analysis

The system’s procedures and workflows are developed during the analysis stage. It is determined if the criteria stated have been satisfied, and the procedures are evaluated for prospective improvements. Nurses may help the system developer understand and discuss the components that worked in the prior system at this phase. This will aid in determining which components should be removed or added. A nurse informacist may also work with a system developer to figure out how to achieve these needs.

The New System’s Design

The overall appearance of the system is determined during the design stage. The implementation team must make various considerations, including the kind of data that is necessary. The team creates reports, prototypes, mockups, and images in order to identify possible problems. During this stage, a nurse informaticist may examine the flowcharts that have been created to verify that they follow the correct performance route and exhibit the expected results.

Implementation

A student nurse with a rudimentary understanding of programming may use Everett Rogers’ five-step technique to help with system adoption and implementation in the stages of knowledge, persuasion, choice, implementation, and confirmation. The nursing student may also review the coded flowcharts and help debug the system if it produces an inaccurate result since implementation includes the use of a specialized coding language to code designs.

He or she can also: schedule meetings with staff, obtain feedback from nurses, identify potential system facilitators and barriers, modify techniques for evaluating processes, use positive reinforcement to encourage other staff to follow the system’s requirements, track and monitor staff compliance, and measure outcomes. According to Ronquillo, Currie, and Rodney (2016), a nurse manager may arrange for proper staff training throughout the implementation phase to enable a smooth transition to a new system.

Post-Implementation Support

Testing and maintenance are included in the final step. Before delivering the system, it should be thoroughly tested. Testing is done to confirm that the system produces the desired results and addresses all of the problems it is supposed to address. A nurse informaticist may assist in ensuring that the system’s output meets the needs of the healthcare system. With tasks such as gathering and storing information, the system should be able to aid in nursing documentation.

A nurse informacist should also plan training for other nurses to learn about the system and how to use it. According to McGonigle & Mastrian (2018), the nurse informaticist should lead the organization’s integration process. The nurse informaticist’s maintenance job include notifying the system developer of any necessary updates.

Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation

Conclusion

Information technology plays an important part in today’s broad and well-developed health industry. A well-developed system that ensures efficiency is required to provide adequacy in nursing activities such as documentation. This system should be able to deal with concerns like nursing documentation and nursing process maintenance.

Steps in the SDLC have addressed the time-consuming practice of nurses manually managing information. Nurses should be involved in the development of a system for nursing documentation or other nursing procedures because they are familiar with the difficulties that need to be addressed and the anticipated solutions.

Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation.

Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What are the role of the nurse informaticist in systems development and implementation?

Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development
Nurse Informaticists in Practice

The nurse informaticist collaborates with the system developers on data recovery, systems ethics, relevance to patient care, computer-human interactions, decision support systems, security, and system intelligence, among other topics.

2. What is meant by SDLC?

The Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is a well-defined procedure for producing high-quality, low-cost software in the shortest amount of time feasible. The SDLC’s purpose is to create exceptional software that surpasses all customer expectations and needs.

3. What are the five stages of the system development life cycle?

To successfully construct and maintain applications, the SDLC process comprises planning, designing, programming, testing, and deploying, as well as continuing maintenance.

Additional content

References

  • McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2018). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning
  • Ronquillo, C., Currie, L. M., & Rodney, P. (2016). The evolution of data-information-knowledge-wisdom in nursing informatics. Advances in nursing science39(1), E1-E18. DOI: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000107
  • Schoville, R. R., & Titler, M. G. (2015). Guiding healthcare technology implementation: a new integrated technology implementation model. CIN: Computers, Informatics, Nursing33(3), 99-107. doi: 10.1097/CIN.0000000000000130
  • Thomas, T. W., Seifert, P. C., & Joyner, J. C. (2016). Registered nurses leading innovative changes. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing21(3). DOI: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol21No03Man03
  • Yen, P. Y., Phillips, A., Kennedy, M. K., & Collins, S. (2017). Nursing informatics competency assessment for the nurse leader: instrument refinement, validation, and psychometric analysis. JONA: The Journal of Nursing Administration47(5), 271-277. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNA.0000000000000478
Role of the Nurse Informaticist in Systems Development and Implementation

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