Talking about the sound film. Sound, though non-visual, greatly impacts cinematic style — elements of mise-en-scène are activated by sound or produce sound; we can see it affect editing style through cutting on sound, etc. (*the sound in the earlier films have been played live by musicians in the room. There was no assurance that the right — or even appropriate — music would be played.) Having seen some examples of early sound film, like clips from The Jazz Singer and Dames, what did you think of this shift? Was it hard to watch the earlier silent films in comparison to the sound films? Were they easier to watch to your modern eye (or ear)? Or did you enjoy the change? Did you have to get used to not having synchronous sound? How does sound impact Citizen Kane? Can you imagine it as a silent film? What would be lost? What might be the benefits of silent cinema as opposed to sound? Requirements: 1. You are expected to use ONLY course materials: The Text Book: Marilyn Fabe, Closely Watched Films: An Introduction to Narrative Film Technique. http://adlitteramjournal.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/Ad-Litteram-Journal_December-2018_Closely-Watched-Films-An-Introduction-to-the-Art-of-Narrative-Film-Technique.pdf 2. You must properly cite your uses of the texts, including but not limited to quotations. Please use MLA style. 3. *TIP: Using texts in your answer, you are looking to support your claim. This does not necessarily mean finding a moment in which the author says something directly about the film you are discussing. It might mean looking to her on a certain topic (like on editing, or a type of shot, or a definition of modernism, etc. etc.). Just because the author doesn’t write about the specific film you are discussing, this does not mean that she doesn’t have anything to say that will support your claim.