The Importance of Being Earnest contains the features of a comedy of manners.

Read the statement from a paper on The Importance of Being Earnest .

The Importance of Being Earnest contains the features of a comedy of manners.

Which excerpt from the play best supports the statement?

Merriman. Mr. Ernest Worthing has just driven over from the station.

Algernon. It is much pleasanter being here with you.

Miss Prism. No married man is ever attractive except to his wife.

Chasuble. Mr. Worthing, I offer you my sincere condolence.

Read the passage from The Importance of Being Earnest .

Lady Bracknell. . . . [Turns to Jack.] Apprised, sir, of my daughter’s sudden flight by her trusty maid, whose confidence I purchased by means of a small coin, I followed her at once by a luggage train. Her unhappy father is, I am glad to say, under the impression that she is attending a more than usually lengthy lecture by the University Extension Scheme on the Influence of a permanent income on Thought. I do not propose to undeceive him. Indeed I have never undeceived him on any question. I would consider it wrong. But of course, you will clearly understand that all communication between yourself and my daughter must cease immediately from this moment.

How does Wilde poke fun at Victorian society in the passage? Check all that apply.

Lady Bracknell says her maid is trustworthy but has to bribe her to get help.

The names of the college and class seem reasonable to Gwendolen’s father.

Gwendolen’s father appears to be an unhappy man.

Lady Bracknell says it is wrong to be honest with her husband.

Lady Bracknell does not approve of Gwendolen dating Jack.

Miss Prism. . . . The good ended happily, and the bad unhappily. That is what Fiction means.

How does the epigram affect this scene?

How does the epigram affect this scene?

It suggests the serious idea that tidy endings are uncommon in real life.

It explains the humorous idea that bad endings are usually happy.

It introduces the pessimistic idea that happy endings only happen in stories.

It reveals the optimistic idea that most endings are a good thing.

Read the beginning of The Importance of Being Earnest .

Title: The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde

The Persons in the Play John Worthing, J.P. Algernon Moncrieff Rev. Canon Chasuble, D.D. Merriman, Butler Lane, Manservant Lady Bracknell Hon. Gwendolen Fairfax Cecily Cardew Miss Prism, Governess

First Act SCENE Morning-room in Algernon’s flat in Half-Moon Street. The room is luxuriously and artistically furnished. The sound of a piano is heard in the adjoining room.

[Lane is arranging afternoon tea on the table, and after the music has ceased, Algernon enters.]

Algernon. Did you hear what I was playing, Lane?

Lane. I didn’t think it polite to listen, sir.

Which analysis of the beginning of The Importance of Being Earnest is the most accurate?

The setting at the opening of the play makes a comment on the benefits of being married.

The names of the characters in the play help Wilde illustrate the differences between social classes.

The title is helpful in establishing the play as a comedy of manners because it makes use of witty wordplay.

The first line of dialogue in the play helps Wilde emphasize a contrast between city and country life

Read the passage from  The Importance of Being Earnest .

Lady Bracknell. . . . I think some preliminary inquiry on my part would not be out of place. Mr. Worthing, is Miss Cardew at all connected with any of the larger railway stations in London? I merely desire information. Until yesterday I had no idea that there were any families or persons whose origin was a Terminus.

Which excerpt from the passage contains a paradox and a pun?

“my part would not be out of place.”

“larger railway stations in London.”

“I merely desire information.”

“whose origin was a Terminus.”

What literary device does Oscar Wilde use in the title of his play The Importance of Being Earnest ?

epigram

understatement

pun

paradox

Read the excerpt from H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds .

The peculiar V-shaped mouth with its pointed upper lip, the absence of brow ridges, the absence of a chin beneath the wedgelike lower lip, the incessant quivering of this mouth, the Gorgon groups of tentacles, the tumultuous breathing of the lungs in a strange atmosphere, the evident heaviness and painfulness of movement due to the greater gravitational energy of the earth—above all, the extraordinary intensity of the immense eyes—were at once vital, intense, inhuman, crippled and monstrous. There was something fungoid in the oily brown skin, something in the clumsy deliberation of the tedious movements unspeakably nasty.

Which statement best describes how Wells conveys his purpose with this excerpt?

He provides quotes from experts.

He shares data about the creature.

He appeals to the reader’s beliefs.

He uses detailed physical description

Which statement best explains the aesthetic elements of a literary work?

Aesthetic elements establish background.

Aesthetic elements distinguish characters.

Aesthetic elements impart an artistic quality.

Aesthetic elements offer a thematic message.

How do authors impart aesthetic elements? Check all that apply.

through their word choice

through persuasive argument

through their tone

through facts and data

through the story’s mood

Which excerpt from Act I of The Importance of Being Earnest . is an understatement?

“I am always telling that to your poor uncle, but he never seems to take much notice . . . as far as any improvement in his ailment goes.”

“Well, really, Gwendolen, I must say that I think there are lots of other much nicer names.”

“Gwendolen, I must get christened at once—I mean we must get married at once. There is no time to be lost.”

“You know that I love you, and you led me to believe, Miss Fairfax, that you were not absolutely indifferent to me.”

Read the excerpt from Act II of  The Importance of Being Earnest .

Cecily. [Rather shy and confidingly.] Dearest Gwendolen, there is no reason why I should make a secret of it to you. Our little county newspaper is sure to chronicle the fact next week. Mr. Ernest Worthing and I are engaged to be married.

Gwendolen. [Quite politely, rising.] My darling Cecily, I think there must be some slight error. Mr. Ernest Worthing is engaged to me. The announcement will appear in the Morning Post on Saturday at the latest.

Part of this excerpt would be considered an understatement because

when Cecily says, “There is no reason why I should make a secret of it to you,” she actually does have a reason to keep it a secret.

when Cecily says, “Mr. Ernest Worthing and I are engaged to be married,” she is actually making a joke.

when Gwendolen says, “I think there must be some slight error,” she is actually referring to the large error of Cecily saying she is engaged to Ernest.

when Gwendolen says, “The announcement will appear in the Morning Post on Saturday,” she is not telling the truth.

Read the excerpt from Act I of  The Importance of Being Earnest .

Algernon. Well, we might trot round to the Empire at ten?

Jack. Oh, no! I can’t bear looking at things. It is so silly.

Algernon. Well, what shall we do?

Jack. Nothing!

Algernon. It is awfully hard work doing nothing. However, I don’t mind hard work where there is no definite object of any kind.

What effect does the paradox in this excerpt have on the reader?

It causes the reader to think about the multiple meanings of the word bear in the play.

It causes the reader to think about how doing nothing should be easy, but in fact can be quite hard.

It causes the reader to realize that doing nothing is never hard work and that Algernon is wrong.

It causes the reader to realize that Jack thinks doing something is always better than doing nothing

Which excerpt from The War of the Worlds  uses a sensory detail for aesthetic impact?

“Henderson stood up with his spade in his hand.”

“Ogilvy told him all that he had seen.”

“The two men hurried back at once to the common, and found the cylinder still lying in the same position.”

“Air was either entering or escaping at the rim with a thin, sizzling sound.”

Read the excerpt from Act II of The Importance of Being Earnest.

Jack. Oh! I don’t see much fun in being christened along with other babies. It would be childish. Would half-past five do?

Chasuble. Admirably! Admirably! [Takes out watch.] And now, dear Mr. Worthing, I will not intrude any longer into a house of sorrow. I would merely beg you not to be too much bowed down by grief. What seem to us bitter trials are often blessings in disguise.

Miss Prism. This seems to me a blessing of an extremely obvious kind.

Which two definitions of the word blessing does the pun in this excerpt rely on?

approval from someone in charge

a religious ceremony called a christening

encouragement from a friend

grace said at a meal

something that brings one happiness

Read the excerpt from Act I of The Importance of Being Earnest .

Jack. My dear Algy, you talk exactly as if you were a dentist. It is very vulgar to talk like a dentist when one isn’t a dentist. It produces a false impression.

The main effect of the pun in the excerpt is that it

confuses the reader.

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