The meaning of life

 You can choose 4 questions out of those 9 and then the writer can inform me and I will upload the necessary materials for it. Chose questions: 1,3,5 and 9 because they seem to be the easiest but it does not matter which question you choose. 1. Leo Tolstoy says that when he started to study the meaning of life he found that “force was a force, the matter was matter, will be will, infinity was infinity, nothing was nothing, —and nothing else could come from it.” What did he mean by this? Explain the context and significance of this sentence. 2. Sherry Turkle and Carr analyze and question the different ways in which the personal computer and our mobile computing devices are influencing and changing our behavior. Their critique focuses not only on our relationships but also on our own sense of self. The ideas of these contemporary thinkers can be related to Pascal and Kierkegaard’s ideas. Explain the arguments of these contemporary thinkers and how their ideas overlap with the thoughts of the older thinkers. 3. Nozick defines and describes four dimensions of evaluation: value, meaning, importance and weight. Explain the differences between these four notions using your own examples. 4. Quoting Bertrand Russell’s gloomy depiction of our place in the universe, Pojman reveals what he sees as the main problem with Bertrand Russell’s position. Bertrand Russell does not hide his own gloomy view but he thinks that he has a way to escape this gloominess. Explain his solution. 5. Moritz Schlick develops his theory regarding the meaning of life around the notion of play. Explain this notion, and, using your own examples, explain what Schlick is trying to overcome. 6. Nagel describes the absurd, but he is very critical of traditional notions of the absurd. What thinkers could be the targets of his criticism? Compare their notions of the absurd with Nagel’s. 7. Quinn and Fackenheim both have religious and teleological answers to the question about the meaning of life. Explain what drives their eschatological answers, and emphasize the differences between their answers. 8. Kekes and Susan Wolf’s argument share the concern that subjectivity is not enough for the accomplishment of a meaningful life; and that some type of objectivity is required for the achievement of this goal. Explain the similarities and differences in their approaches. 9. Camus thought that Sisyphus’ life was suffering but he thought it was meaningful despite the absurdity of his task. Schopenhauer also thinks that life is suffering. Compare the ways these two authors think about suffering.

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