Provide an original example of the following complex verbal behaviors to demonstrate your understanding of these concepts, and describe a situation where you might want to promote this type of verbal behavior in a client: (a) generic tact extension; (b) metaphorical tact extension; (c) metonymical tact extension; (d) solistic tact extension. Discuss any individual, socio-cultural, practical or ethical concerns that may apply.
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(A) Provide an original example of the following complex verbal behaviors to demonstrate your understanding of these concepts: (a) generic tact extension; (b) metaphorical tact extension; (c) metonymical tact extension; (d) solistic tact extension.
Verbal behavior is based on linguistics, and tact behavior is described as making contact with the world. This form of behavior is described as being under control of a non-verbal stimulant, a reinforcer and regarded as expressive (Fergus-Lowe, Horne, Harris, & Randle, 2002). The examples of the following verbal behavior are noted in teaching a child to recognize a green snake as a snake.
(1) Generic tact extension indicates that a new stimulus shares defining features.
Note the following sentence, “Later, the child sees a garden hose and says, snake. Based on this expression, the child has pointed to a “green” garden hose as a green snake (defining features -green, elongated).
(2) Metaphorical extension indicates that a novel extension is missing.
Later, the child sees her older brother behaving in a mean way and says snake. In this sentence, the antecedent is missing (what comes before). It is suggested that something happened before the child recognized the behavior of her brother; however, the antecedent to this clause is missing.
(3) Metonymical extension refers to stimulus paired by accident gain controls “Later, the child sees a green book and says snake” In this sense, the stimulus is stated to be paired by accident gain controls. Greene …