What purpose did public festivals and ceremonies serve in colonial Spanish America? Your answer should consider the perspective of AT LEAST TWO different groups or actors

1. 
What purpose did public festivals and ceremonies serve in colonial Spanish America? Your answer should consider the perspective of AT LEAST TWO different groups or actors.

2. 
Are the peasants of central Mexico best described as the driving force OR as the victims of the Mexican Revolution? Answer with reference to BOTH the Zapatistas and the Cristeros.

3. 
Would you agree with the characterization of the Mexican Revolution as ‘primarily a peasant rebellion and an agrarian revolution’ (Tobler, 1988: 488)? Discuss with reference to AT LEAST TWO different groups’ involvement in the Revolution.

4. 
Between European diseases and Indigenous allies, which played a more significant role in the fall of BOTH the Aztec and the Inca empires?

5. 
‘Through engagement with colonial law and other political institutions subalterns negotiated their position in society’ (Echeverri, 2009: 405). Discuss with reference to the different means of resistance employed by slaves in Early Modern Spanish America.

6. 
How is the slaves’ use of the Spanish legal system best described: as a resistance strategy OR as evidence of slaves’ participation in their own subjugation by accepting ‘their place’ in society?

7. 
‘Gradual emancipation emerges as a form of social change largely controlled by planters and the state, but which nonetheless drew much of its character and timing from slaves and insurgents’ (Scott, 1984: 110). Discuss with reference to the abolition of slavery in BOTH Brazil and Cuba. Was foreign pressure the most important factor in bringing about the abolition of slavery in BOTH Cuba and Brazil? Why or why not?

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